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Octubre 01, 2006

Historia imperial de Oriente Medio

5.000 años de historia en 90 segundos

5.000 años de historia en 90 segundos. Maps of War ofrece una animación por la que pasan todos los imperios que han dejado su huella en Oriente Medio.

Posted by Iñigo at Octubre 1, 2006 06:11 PM

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Oh... y los palestinos ? Que extraño que no aparecen. Nunca hubo estado palestino ?

Posted by: Pepe at Octubre 1, 2006 07:14 PM

Es en serio la pregunta??
Inventos mas nuevo que "los palestinos" hay pocos...

Posted by: yo at Octubre 1, 2006 11:07 PM

Por cierto, una noticia cachonda sobre unos clerigos que a cambio de dinero emitian la fatwa que quisieras (como El Mundo con el tío que cantaba hasta la Guerra Civil pero en plan santurrón). Menos trincar por hacer fatwas habían prohibido de todo.

India's Cash-for-Fatwa Scandal
Muslims in the country are outraged by revelations, uncovered by a TV sting, that clerics take money for their religious rulings


Last week, many Muslims in India, like their counterparts around the world, gathered on the streets to burn effigies of the Pope and shout slogans denouncing him for his remarks on Islam and violence. Even before that fully died out, however, a new controversy erupted — one that has turned Muslim ire against some of their own local clerics.

India's "cash-for-fatwas" scandal broke out last weekend when a TV channel broadcast a sting operation that showed several Indian Muslim clerics allegedly taking, or demanding, bribes in return for issuing fatwas, or religious edicts. The bribes, some of which were as low as $60, were offered by undercover reporters wearing hidden cameras over a period of six weeks. In return for the cash, the clerics appear to hand out fatwas written in Urdu, the language used by many Muslims in Pakistan and India, on subjects requested by the reporters. Among the decrees issued by the fatwas: that Muslims are not allowed to use credit cards, double beds, or camera-equipped cell phones, and should not act in films, donate their organs, or teach their children English. One cleric issued a fatwa against watching TV; another issued a fatwa in support of watching TV.

Adding to the shock in India, home to the world's third-largest Muslim population (approximately 150 million), is that some of the clerics apparently caught in the sting operation teach at important institutions — one belongs to India's most famous Islamic seminary, the Darul Uloom at Deoband. At least two of the clerics have been suspended from their posts, but that hasn't satisfied everyone. Students at one madrassa in north India denounced the clerics, and in the city of Meerut, where a mufti, or cleric, had been caught on camera, the congregation at one mosque refused to offer prayers until he came before them, admitted to taking the money, and apologized.

The "cash-for-fatwas" scandal has also led to a renewed debate on what constitutes a fatwa, and who has legitimate authority to issue one. Fatwas — like the one passed by Iran's Ayatullah Khomeini in 1989 against the novelist Salman Rushdie, or those issued by Osama bin Laden in 1996 and 1998 against America — have come to epitomize the intolerance of Islamic fundamentalists. Yet many Muslims argue that the purpose of fatwas has been misunderstood: A fatwa is, technically speaking, a ruling on a point of Islamic law made by a recognized Muslim scholar in response to a question put to him. Since Osama bin Laden is no Islamic scholar, many deny his right to issue a fatwa. The sway that fatwas hold over Muslims is also not as great as many outsiders think. Last year, a Muslim cleric issued a fatwa stating that it was un-Islamic for Sania Mirza, India's most famous tennis player and a Muslim, to wear sleeveless tops or short skirts on court. Mirza simply dismissed the ruling; indeed, many, if not most, urban Indian Muslims do not take fatwas seriously. However, in rural communities, a well-respected mufti's fatwa — on issues ranging from marriage to health to women's rights — can carry considerable influence. India's Muslim leaders announced that they will soon create a new body that will monitor the passing of fatwas in the country, in a bid to preserve that influence, and nip the popular anger swirling around this scandal.

Posted by: pecha at Octubre 2, 2006 01:29 PM

los palestinos son árabes fundamentalmente muslmanes, aunque también cristianos, a los que los sionistas arrebataron sus tierras, asesinaron y expulsaron creando ese sentimiento nacional que ahora tienen.

Posted by: Provocator at Octubre 2, 2006 05:35 PM

Y porque los árabes tienen en sus manos Judea ???

No entiendo, los árabes se merecen judea ?

Si los árabes son de arabia, que tienen que estar haciendo en judea?

Posted by: Pepe at Octubre 2, 2006 07:37 PM

Pepe, supongo que lo mismo que los extremeños, gallegos, vascos, castellanos, canarios, etc., que fueron a conquistar América. Siguiendo su razonamiento, ¿qué pinta esa gente, o más bien sus descendientes, en Bolivia, México, Perú, y dos esos países con importantes y marginadas poblaciones indígenas?

Cuidado con usar la Historia, que han pasado muchas cosas, y que además se pueden interpretar de diversas formas.

Posted by: Anonymous at Octubre 2, 2006 09:04 PM

Encuentro que es tiene lagunas. Veo los mapas un poco eurocéntricos. Por ejemplo se omite la existencia de los Imperios Parto y Persa sasánida que se prolongaron durante todo el imperio romano. En el caso de los sasánidas perduraron hasta la aparición del califato bastante después de la caida del Imperio Romano. En fin. Por lo demás es un cuadro bastante bueno... pero ya digo. Hecho en falta esos dos imperios.

Posted by: Vespasiano at Octubre 3, 2006 05:31 PM

Totalmente anonymous. Por eso es que siempre apoyé la lucha de los pueblos originarios, tanto los judíos en judea como los indígenas americanos en américa.

Es más, el saqueo a los americanos ha sido tal, ademas del genocidio, que las potencias europeas deberían resarcirlos por economicamente por todo lo saqueado. Claro que eso nunca sucedería, pues fue tanto lo saqueado que quedarían practicamente en la ruina las potencias europeas...

Posted by: Pepe at Octubre 3, 2006 11:37 PM